Dry Itchy Scalp – Are you having dandruff, eczema or scalp psoriasis?

itchy scalp psoriasis eczema dandruffMost of us could have suffered from itchy scalps one season or another. Typically, the cause of the itching really should be something typical like dandruff. However, if your itching does not go away after a season, you might be experiencing something much more severe like psoriasis, dermatitis or even scalp eczema. But out of these 3 conditions, how would you know which one you are actually suffering from?

You should also ask for expert advise from skin doctors or a medical doctor to get an accurate prognosis. With the correct medical diagnosis, you are consequently able to understand the variety of therapies. Despite of this, the following are some scalp disorders that has itchy scalp for a likely symptom:

1) Dandruff
Dandruff develops when white dusty skin sheds from the scalp and hits your shoulders and garments as light dust. What’s more you may have an itchy scalp that is scaly as well. It’s also common to get dandruff throughout the winter season when dry weather is prevalent.

At times, not washing adequately or using shampoo unsuited to your scalp might also produce dandruff. As a result, an increase in washing consistency, in addition to a shampoo change after the dandruff has disappeared may be necessary to prevent dandruff from repeating. But if the scalp doesn’t get inflamed and swollen, you can easily combat dandruff using a zinc pyrithoine shampoo.

2) Scalp Eczema
When your scalp is red and inflamed together with blisters, you might be suffering from Seborrhoeic Ezcema, or also called Scalp Eczema. Professionals think that Scalp Eczema can be caused by an excess of scalp sebum, triggering Mallasezia, a skin fungi, to breed with greater intensity. An excess of yeast on the skin provokes the skin to overreact with redness.

A common solution for Seborrhoeic Eczema consist of salicylic acid shampoos to help eradicate scales out of your skin, as well as applied anti-fungal skin creams to lessen Malassezia on the skin. In addition to that, Corticosteroids tend to be a possible remedy for skin.
3) Scalp Psoriasis
Scalp psoriasis likewise shows symptoms of an itchy scalp, amongst various other symptoms. If you’ve got scalp psoriasis, it’s likely that another member in your family has it as well. Sufferers of scalp psoriasis have a dysfunctional T cell, that typically over responds leading to blood capilaries to dilate. Because of this, there is an over production of skin cells that causes scaly patches to increase on the top of the skin.
There are lots of different types of solution for scalp psoriasis, from scalp psoriasis shampoos to topical remedies.

One of the popular remedy for scalp psoriasis are hair shampoos containing coal tar shampooSalicylic Acid or Coal Tar as the active ingredients. Apart from that, topical creams that contain corticosteroids and retinoids as well as Vitamin D3 analog substances commonly function by slowing down the creation of keratinocytes, the cells that make up the outer surface of the skin.

In some cases, doctors may recommend that a combination of topical creams and shampoo treatments, or even light therapy to combat psoriasis. This of course, depends on the severity of the condition and the response of the patient in relation to the medical treatment prescribed.

Some home blood pressure monitors aren’t accurate

By: Daniel Pendick, Executive Editor, Harvard Men’s Health Watchsome blood pressure monitor inaccurate

More and more experts now recommend that people with high blood pressure regularly check their blood pressure at home. Doing this gives people an idea where their blood pressure stands in between office visits, and can motivate them to care more about their health. It also helps doctors make quick medication adjustments to keep blood pressure in the healthy zone.

But according to a study that will be presented in mid-November at Kidney Week, the American Society for Nephrology’s annual meeting in Philadelphia, home blood pressure monitors aren’t always as accurate as they should be. “Home blood pressure monitors may be inaccurate in 5% to 15% of patients, depending on the threshold for accuracy used,” according to Dr. Swapnil Hiremath, a kidney specialist at Ottawa Hospital in Canada.

Because many doctors do rely at least in part on home measurements to guide treatment, such inaccuracies could end with some people taking too much or too little blood pressure medication. “We are going down that road of asking people to measure their pressures at home,” Dr. Hiremath says. “We want to empower patients, but we also want to make sure the measurements are accurate.”

Dr. Hiremath says the finding emerged from a program to teach people with kidney disease on how to use home blood pressure monitoring. Untreated or inadequately treated high blood pressure is the main cause of kidney disease today, and contributes to its complications.

Starting in 2011, people with kidney disease were asked to bring their home blood pressure monitoring equipment to the kidney clinic at Ottawa Hospital to have it checked for accuracy against a standard office device.

“I was taken aback by how inaccurate some of the machines were,” Dr. Hiremath says. “They were sometimes 15 or 20 mm Hg off.”

For the study, Dr. Hiremath and his colleagues pulled together blood pressure records for 210 clinic patients. For 30% of them, the systolic pressure—the first number of a blood pressure reading—was 5 mm Hg or more different from the office reference measurement. The diastolic pressure (second number) was similarly inaccurate. “In one patient, the pressure was off by 21 mm Hg,” Dr. Hiremath says.

The fact that blood pressure measurements vary is no surprise. Blood pressure wanders all over the map throughout the day. It’s generally lowest first thing in the morning, after a person wakes up, and then steadily rises. Blood pressure responds dynamically to movements, meals, and moods.

“Blood pressure is variable even when measured by precise methods,” says Dr. Christian Ruff, a cardiologist at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital. “To get a more accurate assessment of blood pressure, regardless of blood pressure monitor used, people should perform multiple recordings and average them.”

Dr. Ruff strongly encourages home monitoring to help keep a person’s blood pressure within healthy boundaries. “Home monitoring allows patients and their physicians to jointly engage and optimize treatment of hypertension in a more rapid manner.”

Before starting routine blood pressure checks at home, Dr. Ruff says, it’s important to bring your monitor into your doctor’s office to test it against a known, accurate instrument. The Ottawa study shows why that office “reality check” is so important. It’s also a good idea to redo the test every year.

The best device for most people is a device with an automatically inflating arm cuff and large digital readout for easy reading. To get the most accurate blood pressure readings at home, follow these steps:

  • Avoid caffeinated or alcoholic beverages, and don’t smoke, during the 30 minutes before the test.
  • Sit quietly for five minutes with your back supported and feet on the floor.
  • When making the measurement, support your arm so your elbow is at the level of your heart.
  • Push your sleeves out of the way and wrap the cuff over bare skin.
  • Measure your blood pressure according to the machine’s instructions. Leave the deflated cuff in place, wait a minute, then take a second reading. If the readings are close, average them. If not, repeat again and average the three readings.
  • Don’t be too concerned if a reading is high. Relax for a few minutes and try again.
  • Keep a record of your blood pressure readings and the time of day they are made.

For additional help, check out the video on home blood pressure monitoring at Checking blood pressure: Do try this at home from Harvard Health Publications.

Source: http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/home-blood-pressure-monitors-arent-accurate-201410297494

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